Korean Intellectual Property Office (KIPO), as one of IP5 members, has been playing an important role in international applications (PCT) for a long time. For PCT applications in which the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) is a Receiving Office, KIPO has been available as an International Searching Authority(ISA) and International Preliminary Examining Authority(IPEA) since 2006.
KIPO's examination services are performed by experienced experts who are highly qualified scientist and engineers in all fields of technologies. Around 50% of them have doctoral degrees and expertise accumulated from world-class companies and institutes. As of 2015, Around 400 KIPO examiners have doctorate degrees. KIPO plans to recruit more outstanding examiners in the future.
KIPO’s Staff is skilled in relevant technology fields - about 50% with doctorate degrees Excellent reading abilities in foreign languages - able to search and analyze Korean and Japanese patent documents as well as those of the US and the Europe - conducting trainings on search & analysis of Chinese patent documents Plan to build a database for searching Chinese patent documents by the end of this year
▶Staff skilled in relevant technology fields
- about 50% with doctorate degrees
▶Excellent reading abilities in foreign languages
- able to search and analyze Korean and Japanese patent documents as well as those of the US and the Europe
- conducting trainings on search & analysis of Chinese patent documents
▶Plan to build a database for searching Chinese patent documents by the end of this year
▶32 Examination divisions
▶About 826 Patent examiners(Apr. 2015)
▶Continuously employed patent examiners
- To reduce FA pendency and advance quality of exam.
- Ph.D. holders (47%), state exam passers (19%), professional engineers (7%), patent attorney (4%)
Patent search and examination, KIPO’s primary area of expertise, now place a greater focus on fusion technologies, allowing us to take advantage of the latest trends in cutting-edge technology. The Patent Examination Policy Bureau was established to efficiently handle fusion technologies and develop examination policies. Examination on technologies related to Korean industries (both primary and emerging) have also been reorganized into various technological fields within Patent Examination Bureaus 1, 2, and 3.
To ensure quality international searches, KIPO has strived to secure a competent staff, and has developed an efficient examination infrastructure.
The examination review is mainly conducted by the staff of the Examination Quality Assurance Division, which is directly supervised by the deputy commissioner. It has 12 reviewers for patents, utility models, and the PCT; and 4 reviewers for trademarks and designs.
In 1999, KIPO launched KIPOnet, an internet-based e-filing and work processing platform for the filing, receipt, examination, registration, trial, and publication of applications for patents, utility models, and trademark and design rights. Continual improvements to this system have led to a third generation version called KIPOnet III.
Additionally, we transferred our specialized PCT outsourcing platform to a separate server due to the continual expansion of outsourcing for PCT international searches. This allows us to build an information environment providing dependable service.
The Patent Search System enables us to conduct full text searches of patent gazettes from Korea, Japan, the U.S. and Europe. Linked to the National Digital Science Library managed by the Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information, it also provides access to the academic theses and scientific journals of domestic libraries. Using ‘non-patent literature unified meta searches’ for electronic journals, including IEEE, ScienceDirect and OSA, this system can search multiple Internet sites and show the results on the same screen.
▶KIPOnet system & special search software
▶Different kinds of non-patent document, web database, e-journals
▶STN, CA, KIPO-BLAST, etc.
- Thomson innovation, IEEE, ACM(Computer), Springer, etc.
KIPO now has a database of patent and utility model abstracts in the Korean language, which dates back to 1947 . In addition, we have full text of granted patents and utility models that date back to 1979. Korean patent and utility model applications that date back to 1983 are also a part of the database.
With regards to international patent data, we have collected about 55 different kinds of patents, utility models, and design
data from 22 countries, which date back to 1974. The organizations that provided us with these data include the WIPO, USPTO, EPO, and the JPO.
|Source||Kind of Document||Coverage||Format|
|WIPO||Pamphlet [Impact Rule87 ]||2002~||XML|
|Taiwan||Bibliographic data / Abstracts
]from Patent Applications
|United Kingdom||Bibliographic data / Abstracts
[from Patent Applications]
|China||Patent Applications and Granted Patents
|Canada||Patent Applications / Granted Patents||1999~2007||SGML|
|Australia||Patent Applications / Granted Patents||1998~||SGML|
|Germany||Gazettes of Patents & Utility Models||1991~||Image|
|France||Gazettes of Patents||1992~||Image|
In 2015, 19 national or regional patent offices were acting as ISAs. And in 2014, the EPO remained the most selected ISA, with 37.2% of all ISRs issued, followed by the JPO at 19.1% and KIPO at 14.3%
[ Source: PCT Yearly Review 2015 ]
Six out of the top 10 global companies in the U.S. in terms of PCT applications are major clients of KIPO. Over the past five years, each of them has annually requested hundreds of international searches from KIPO.
KIPO provides international search services with costs approximately 50% lower than those of other major authorities, except for ROSPATENT, ILPO and JPO. The low-cost and high quality are strong competitiveness, favored by U.S. PCT applicants.
|Competent ISAs for U.S Applicants||Search Fee($)|
[ Source: WIPO PCT Fee Tables, as of 1 Oct. 2015 ]
KIPO also provides reduced rates for demand fees for the examination. If you submit an ISR or IPER from KIPO, you can get a 30% reduction of demand fee for the examination. And if you submit ISR and IPER from KIPO, you will get a 70% reduction.
The ISA must establish the ISR within three months from its receipt of a copy of the application (the “search copy”), or nine months from the priority date (or, if no priority is claimed, from the international filing date), whichever expires later. An ISR that gets delivered to the PCT applicant in a timely manner is a crucial factor in the PCT process. This allows the PCT applicant ample time to properly prepare for the next stage of the ongoing PCT process.
KIPO always tries to deliver ISRs in the promised time frame and amongst ISAs popular with U.S. applicants(USPTO, EPO, KIPO) KIPO has had the best track record when it comes to publishing ISRs in a timely manner. In 2015, KIPO transmitted 91% of ISRs to the IB within three months from the date of receipt of the search copy. By contrast, EPO was 65% and USPTO was 38% respectively.
* Timeliness is calculated as the time elapsed between the priority date and the date on which the ISA transmits the ISR to the IB (or, if applicable, the date of receipt of the declaration under Article 17(2)(a)). The figure shows timeliness in establishing the ISR, where the applicable time limit for establishing the ISR under Rule 42 is three months from receipt of the search copy.